Kreddha-the International Peace Council for States, Peoples and Minorities-is a non-profit organisation guided by a council of eminent persons from all parts of the world, dedicated to the prevention and sustainable resolution of (violent) conflicts between population groups and the government of states within which they live. Where peace agreements have been concluded, Kreddha helps to implement them. Kreddha aims to assist and empower state governments and the leadership of population groups world wide to create the conditions for diverse communities to live in peace in an environment where they can actively participate in the society, state and region to which they belong.

Intrastate conflicts

Kreddha specialises in and limits its activities to intrastate conflicts. The term 'intrastate conflicts' is used to describe conflicts between population groups-autonomous regions, (indigenous) peoples, minorities and non self-governing territories-on the one hand and governments of sovereign states that exercise jurisdiction over them on the other. Intrastate conflicts include (violent) confrontations over minority rights, cultural identity issues and the ownership and use of natural resources, as well as struggles for independence or various degrees of autonomy. Kreddha's mission does not include activities with regards to 'international conflicts', i.e. conflicts between two or more sovereign states. Moreover, though intrastate in character, Kreddha is not set up to be involved in disputes between a state and individual nationals or companies of that state.


Kreddha was started as an informal initiative of concerned eminent persons, who gave their time and resources to prevent and help resolve intrastate conflicts. At the time it was known under the name Peace Action Council (PAC). The organisation was incorporated and institutionalised as a non-profit organisation in the US and in the Netherlands in 2000 and re-named Kreddha.

Former members of the Kreddha Council have included:

Rodrigo Carazo Odio (December 27th 1926 - December 9th 2009)
Former president of the Republic of Costa Rica and president emeritus of the UN University for Peace. Don Rodrigo was co-chairman of Kreddha's council until his passing away in December 2009.

Nirmala Deshpande (October 17th 1929 - May 1st 2008).
President of the Harijan Sevak Sangh and member of the Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India; founder and convenor of the Indo Pak Forum of Parliamentarians for Amity. As a true disciple of Mahatma Gandhi, Nirmala dedicated her life to the service of peace between communities and countries. She was for years very active in bringing Indian and Pakistani leaders together and reconciling hostile communities in her own country, India. Although she was a highly regarded advisor to prime ministers and other leaders, she consistently led a very simple life, based in Mahatma Gandhi's ashram and very reminiscent of that of Gandhi himself. Nirmala Deshpande was a member of Kreddha's council since 2001.

Sheikh Abdulrahman Muhammad  Babu (1924 - 1996).
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Zanzibar from 1963 to 1964. He held various ministerial positions in the government of Tanzania, among which Minister of Planning. He also chaired the Africa Centre in London.

Lord David Ennals (1922 - 1995).
British Labour Party politician and campaigner for human rights. He held various positions in Labour governments in the sixties and seventies, among which Minister of State in the Department of Health and Social Security and Secretary of State for Social Services.

Our name

'Kreddha' means 'to place trust'. This Indo-European word is derived from 'Kerd' (heart), the root word of 'concord', which means agreement, harmony, friendship and peace, as well as treaty, accord, truce and settlement.